Sare Jahan Se Achachha
Hum Bulbule Hai Iske
Ye Culsitan Hamara…..
You know about Indian Flag......
The Home Rule Bal Ganga Dhar Tilak adopted a new flag in 1917. The flag had union jack at the top, near hoist. The rest of the flag contains five red and four green strips.
It had seven stars on it in the shape of “Saptarishi” Constellation which is sacred one for Hindus. It also had a crescent moon, star at the top fly end. This flag didn’t become popular in masses.
As Mahatma Gandhi communities of India to be represented in the flag of the nation, so a new flag was designed. At the top was white then green and at the bottom was red color. In this flag white symbolized minority communities of India, green was for Muslims and the red one was for Hindu and Sikh communities. The “Charkha” was drawn across all the bands symbolizing the unification of these communities.
Some people were not at all happy with the communal interpretation of the flag. Keeping all this in a view a new flag was designed. This color signified combined spirit of Hindu yogis as well as Muslim dervish. In another flag by Pingali Venkayya had three color. Saffron was at the top Followed by white in the middle and green being the lowermost. The “Charkha” was at the center of white color. This flag was passed at the meeting of Congress Committee in 1931 and was adopted as the official flag of the Committee. IN 1947…..
When India got independence, a committee headed by Rajinder Prasad was formed to discuss the National Flag of India and they decided to adopt the flag of Indian National Congress with suitable modifications as the flag of India. As a result the flag of 1931 was adopted as Indian flag but “Charkha” in the middle was replaced by “Chakra” (wheel) and hence our national Flag came into being.
The Indian National Flag came into being in its present form at the meeting of Constitutional Assembly on 22nd July 1947.
For a code of conduct National Flag…..
1. The flag contains three equal strips of Saffron, White and Green clor respectively. The ratio of its width to its length is two is to three. A navy Blus color “Chakra” known as “Ashoka Chakra” having Twnety-four spokes, is present in the middle of the white strip.
2. The official flag specifications require flag to be made up of just ”Khadi”. It is a special hand spun yarn made up of cotton, silk and wool.
3.The National Flag should always be taken down in the evening at sunset. According to flag code of India citizens of India did not have the right to hoist the Indian flag except for some important days like Republic day, Independence Day and Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday.
4. All other flags to be placed to the left of the national Flag if they are hung in a line. No flag or emblem should be placed either above the national flag or to its right.
National Heroes…..It is time when we must sit back and remember the freedom strugglers, without whom we may never have got our freedom.
The father of the nation, lead the country to freedom with his non violent ideals. He remains a symbol of peace to this day.
Bhagat Sing threw a bomb when the Legislature was in session and was arrested.
Sardar Vallabhai Patel…..
He was responsible for uniting princely sates into country.
Rani Laxmi Bai….
The Queen of Jhansi, lead her people into a battle against the British in which she fought like a tigress.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak….
Remembered for his court statement in which he proclaimed ‘Swaraj is my birthright and I will have it!’
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad….
He was elected President of the Congress when he was just 35.
Subhash Chandra Bose…
He also known as Netaji. He was one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian Independence Movement against the British Raj.
You know about Yeh Mera India…….
1. The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu. The name “Hindustan” combines Sidhu and Hindu and thus refers to the land of Hindus.
2. Sushruta is the father of surgery. 2600 years ago, he and health scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries.
3. Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies which originated in India.
4. The largest employer in the world is the Indian railway system, employing over a million people!
5. The ‘place value system’ and the ‘decimal system’ were developed in 100 BC in India. The World’s first university was established in Takshashila in 700BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects.
The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century was one of the greates achievements of Ancient Indian in the field of education.
6. The world’s highest Cricket ground is in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. Built in 1893 after leveling a hilltop, this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above sea level
7.Ayurveda is the Earlies School of medicine known to mankind. The father of medicine, Charaka, consolidated ayurveda 2500 years ago in India
Peacock - Our nation bird
Lotus - Our National Flower
Mango –Our National Fruit
Our capital city of India…..New Delhi…..
Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi
Lal Kila pictures , New Delhi
Most well come in my country……… gate is always open…………..